Pitch pine - Appalachian oak - heath forest (S1)
Pitch pine - Appalachian oak - heath forest is an uncommon to rare community of the lower
It primarily occurs on Hinckley and
Characteristic vegetation: Dominants consist of pitch pine (Pinus rigida), white pine (P. strobus) and Appalachian oaks including scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea), black oak (Q. velutina), white oak (Q. alba), and chestnut oak (Q. prinus). Red pine (Pinus resinosa) may be present in low abundance, but it is the more southern Appalachian species distinguish this community. Pines may be locally abundant or dominant to the near exclusion of tree oaks in some examples, while other expressions are heavy to oak. In the understory, scrub oak (Quercus ilicifolia), dwarf chestnut oak (Q. prinoides), and sweet fern (Comptonia peregrina) may also be present, but they are usually not dense under the forested canopies.
Typical “southern” plants may include sweet goldenrod (Solidago odora), round headed bush-clover (Lespedeza capitata), stiff-leaved aster (Ionactis linariifolius), and tick-trefoils (Desmodium spp.). In openings, such species as northern blazing star (Liatris novae-angliae) and wild lupine (Lupinus perennis) may be present.
Plants characteristic of most acidic, dry-site oak - pine forests include ironwood (Ostrya virginiana), lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium), hillside blueberry (V. pallidum), dangleberry (Gaylussacia frondosa), black huckleberry (G. baccata), maple-leaved viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium), sweet fern (Comptonia peregrina), witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana), wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens), Pennsylvania and woodland sedges (Carex pensylvanica/lucorum), common hairgrass (Deschampsia flexuosa), rough-leaved rice grass (Oryzopsis asperifolia), poverty oatgrass (Danthonia spicata), bracken (Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum), whorled loosestrife (Lysimachia quadrifolia), and pinweed (Lechea intermedia). Velvet-leaf blueberry (Vaccinium myrtilloides) and sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia) may also be occasional.
Good examples of this community occur at
Pitch pine - Appalachian oak - heath forest at Derryfield Park in Manchester
(photo by Ben Kimball)
Pitch pine - Appalachian oak - heath forest at Derryfield Park
in Manchester (photo by Ben Kimball)
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