Closedown Season

In late fall and early winter, frosts have killed most of the herbaceous plant species and the leaves have fallen from the deciduous trees. Conifer trees shed shed some of their needles in anticipation of the winter weather to come. Many animals either stockpile food for the coming months or go into hibernation. This closing down and preparation for harsh conditions is all part of the natural growth cycle for the organisms and natural communities that make up New Hampshire's biodiversity.

A frosty Presidential Range looms over Pondicherry Wildlife Refuge in late November (photo by Ben Kimball for the NH Natural Heritage Bureau)

First snow on ferns in the North Country (photo by Ben Kimball for the NH Natural Heritage Bureau)

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